Terminology

 
Term Definition

5S

A procedure for creating and maintaining an organized, clean and high performance workplace. The five S's are: Sort, Straighten, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain.

5x5 

A high-level summary of a project using five PowerPoint slides presented in five minutes. This presentation usually occurs after a project has been completed and its results have been measured.

A3

An approach to documenting work during a Lean project by putting all relevant information on one page. The term ‘A3’ refers to the size of the paper that is typically used when the information is printed out. 

DMAIC

​This acronym stands for Design, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control. This methodology is currently the most popular approach in the industry, but its basic steps are the same as any Lean project. 

Kaizen

​Japanese for 'change for the better'. Kaizen events follow the same steps as all other Lean projects but often occur in a single week. This term is used interchangeably with 'Rapid Improvement Event'. 

Lean

​Technically, Lean focuses on eliminating waste in a process. However, in the State of Wisconsin, we use the term Lean to refer to problem solving more broadly. If you're saving time, cutting costs, or reducing frustration, you're applying Lean. 

​PDCA/PDSA

​These acronyms stand for Plan-Do-Check-Act and Plan-Do-Study-Act, respectively. This methodology is most common in the healthcare field, but it follows the same basic steps as any Lean project. 

​RIE

​This acronym stands for Rapid Improvement Event and is synonymous with the term ‘Kaizen’. Rapid Improvement Events are Lean projects that occur in a shortened timeframe. 

​Six Sigma

​A statistical approach to continuous improvement that focuses primarily on reducing variation and defects. While this approach is common in manufacturing settings, it’s often difficult to apply in the government and is usually not needed. 

​VSM

​This acronym stands for Value Stream Mapping, which is an improvement approach that focuses primarily on process mapping and collecting data for each process step. It follows the same basic steps as all other methodologies.  


Not the terminology you were looking for?

We recommend using a search engine (e.g. Google, Bing) to learn about other Lean terms and tools.